The Board of Directors (the “Board”) of the Company recognizes the importance of stakeholders’ interest and their trust in the Company. To uphold this confidence and ensure transparent mechanism that avoids potential or actual conflict of interest on transactions with related parties, the Board has adopted a policy for determining materiality and dealing with related party transactions (the “Policy”).
This Policy is framed keeping in for the best interests of its stakeholders and the Corporate Governance requirements under the Securities and Exchange Board of India (Listing Obligations and Disclosure Requirements) Regulations, 2015 (Listing Regulations) and also the Companies Act, 2013 (the Act), as amended from time to time.
The purpose of the policy is to:
- Regulate transactions between the Company vis-à-vis its related parties with a view to ensure that such transactions are executed on an arm’s length basis and in a transparent and fair manner.
- Seek necessary approvals of the Audit Committee/Board/Shareholders, as may be necessary, after providing necessary information to them in the prescribed manner.
- Outline the procedures for identification, review, disclosure and reporting of such transactions.
“Arm’s Length Transaction” means a transaction between two related parties that is conducted as if they were unrelated, so that there is no question of conflict of interest.
“Associate” means a Company as defined under section 2(6) of the Companies Act, 2013 and as defined by Accounting Standard (AS) 23, “Accounting for Investments in Associates in Consolidated Financial Statements” and by Accounting Standard (AS) 18, “Related party disclosures”.
“Audit Committee or Committee” means the Committee of the Board formed under section177 of the Act and Regulations 18 of Listing Regulations 2015.
“Board” means Board of Directors of the Company.
“Control” means control as defined in Section 2 (27) of the Act and shall have the same meaning as defined in SEBI (Substantial Acquisition of Shares and Takeovers) Regulations, 2011.
“Key Managerial Personnel” shall mean the officers of the Company as defined in Section 2(51) of the Act.
“Policy” means Related Party Transaction Policy.
“Material Related Party Transaction” means a transaction with a related party where the transaction/transactions to be entered into individually or taken together with previous transactions during a financial year, exceeds ten percent of the annual consolidated turnover of the Company as per the last audited financial statements of the Company.
“Related Party” as defined under Listing Regulations 2015 is as under –
An entity shall be considered as related to the Company if:
– Such entity is a related party under section 2 (76) of the Companies Act, 2013; or
– Such entity is a related party under the applicable accounting standards.
Section 2(76) of the Companies Act, 2013, as referred above, defines Related Party as —
- A Director or his relative;
- A Key Managerial Personnel or his relative;
- A firm, in which a director, manager or his relative is a partner;
- A private company in which a director or manager is a member or director;
- A public company in which a director or manager is a director and holds along with his relatives, more than two per cent. of its paid-up share capital;
- Anybody corporate whose Board of Directors, managing director or manager is accustomed to act in accordance with the advice, directions or instructions of a director or manager; [Except advice, directions or instructions given in a professional capacity]
- Any person on whose advice, directions or instructions a director or manager is accustomed to act.[Except advice, directions or instructions given in a professional capacity]
- Any company which is a holding, subsidiary or an associate company of such company; or a subsidiary of a holding company to which it is also a subsidiary.
- A director other than an Independent Director or Key Managerial Personnel of the holding Company or his relative with reference to a Company.
“Relative”: with reference to any person, means who is related to another, if:-
- They are members of a Hindu Undivided Family;
- They are Husband or wife or
- One person is related to the another in the following manner, namely:-
- Father, includes step-father.
- Mother, includes step-mother.
- Son, includes step-son.
- Son’s wife.
- Daughter’s husband.
- Brother, includes step-brother.
- Sister, includes step-sister.
“Related Party Transactions” means a transfer of resources, services or obligations between a listed entity and a related party, regardless of whether a price is charged and a “transaction” with a related party shall be construed to include a single transaction or a group of transactions in a contract:
Explanation: A transaction with a related party shall be construed to include single transaction or a group of transactions in a contract.
As per Section 188 of the Act shall means contracts or arrangements with related party with respect to:-
- Sale, purchase or supply of any goods or materials;
- Selling or otherwise disposing of, or buying, property of any kind;
- Leasing of property of any kind;
- Availing or rendering of any services;
- Appointment of any agent for purchase or sale of goods, materials, services or property;
- Such related party’s appointment to any office or place of profit in the company, its subsidiary company or associate company; and
- Underwriting the subscription of any securities or derivatives thereof, of the Company.
“Collectively the Related Party Transaction shall constitute the above.”
“Subsidiary” means a Company as defined under section 2(87) of the Companies Act, 2013 and as defined by Accounting Standard (AS) 23, “Accounting for Investments in Associates in Consolidated Financial Statements” and by Accounting Standard (AS) 18, “Related party disclosures”.
Transactions in “ordinary course of business” shall mean and include-
– Transactions that are entered in the normal and usual course of business and are identical to the business of the company.
– Transactions that is reasonable in the context of the business of the company.
– Transactions that are part of the standard industry practice.
IDENTIFICATION OF RELATED PARTY
Each director and Key Managerial Personal is responsible for providing notice to the Board or Audit Committee regarding persons and entities to be considered as “related Party” by virtue of his/her being Director/KMP in the entity or holding certain shareholding percentage. Such notice shall be provided to the company at the time of appointment and also at the time of first board meeting in every financial year and whenever there is any change in the disclosures already made.
IDENTIFICATION OF POTENTIAL RELATED PARTY TRANSACTIONS
Each director and Key Managerial Personnel is responsible for providing notice to the Board or Audit Committee of any potential Related Party Transaction involving him or her or his or her Relative, including any additional information about the transaction that the Board/Audit Committee may reasonably request. Board/Audit Committee will determine whether the transaction does, in fact, constitute a Related Party Transaction requiring compliance with this policy.
A transaction with a related party shall be considered material if the transaction(s) to be entered into individually or taken together with previous transactions during a financial year, exceeds 10% of the annual consolidated turnover of the Company as per its last audited financial statements.
MANNER OF DEALING WITH AND APPROVAL OF RELATED PARTY TRANSACTIONS
A. Approval of related party transactions by Audit Committee:
All related party transactions should be referred to the Audit Committee of the Company for approval irrespective of its materiality, except for transactions entered into between the holding company and its wholly owned subsidiaries. The Audit Committee shall also approve any subsequent modification(s) to related party transactions.
The Audit Committee shall consider the following while determining approval to related party transactions-
- Nature of relationship with related party;
- Nature, duration, material terms, monetary values and particulars of the contract or arrangement;
- Any advance paid or received for the contract or arrangement, if any;
- The manner of determining the pricing and other commercial terms, both included as part of the contract and not considered as part of the contract;
- Whether the transaction is in the ordinary course of business and at arm’s length basis; and
- Any other information relevant or important for the Audit Committee/Board to take a decision on the proposed transaction.
Omnibus approval for related party transactions
The Audit Committee may grant omnibus approval for related party transactions (except for transactions in respect of selling and disposing of the undertaking of the Company) and such approval shall be applicable in respect of transactions which are repetitive in nature.
- The Audit Committee shall grant omnibus approval as per following criteria:
- The Audit Committee shall satisfy itself the need for such omnibus approval and that such approval is in the interest of the Company.
- The omnibus approval shall provide:
- the name/s of the related party, nature of transaction, period of transaction;
- maximum amount of transaction that can be entered into;
- basis for arriving at the contracted price as per the Company’s standard operating procedure;
- Specific reason for entering into contract with the related party (e.g. proximity to the plant, preference of the OEM, quality of service/ product delivered);
- Any other information relevant or important for the Audit Committee to take decision.
- However, in case of related party transactions which cannot be foreseen and where the above details are not available, Audit Committee may grant omnibus approval provided the value does not exceed Rs.1 crore per transaction.
- Audit Committee shall review, at least on a quarterly basis, details of related party transactions entered into by the Company pursuant to each of the omnibus approval given.
- Such omnibus approvals shall be valid for a period not exceeding one year and shall require fresh approvals after the expiry of one year.
- Omnibus approval shall not be granted in respect of selling and disposing of the undertaking of the Company.
B. Approval of the Board of Directors
In accordance of provisions of Section 188 of the Act all related party transactions specified under the said section and which are not in the ordinary course of business or are not at arm’s length shall be required to be placed before the Board for its approval.
C. Approval of the Shareholders of the Company
- All transactions with a single related party during a financial year aggregating to over 10% of the last annual consolidated turnover of the Company will require approval of shareholders through resolution.
- In addition to the above, the following transactions which are not in the ordinary course of business or are not at arm’s length shall require approval by shareholders by way of a resolution.
|Details of transactions to be entered individually or taken together during a financial year||Minimum threshold requiring Shareholders Approval|
|Annual Turnover exceeding||Net Worth exceeding||Value of transaction(s) exceeding||Criteria|
|Sale, purchase or supply of any goods or material directly or through appointment of agent|
|10%||–||Rs. 100 crore||Whichever is lower|
|Selling or otherwise disposing of, or buying, property of any kind directly or through appointment of agent|
|–||10%||Rs. 100 crore||Whichever is lower|
|Leasing of property of any kind|
|10%||–||Rs. 100 crore||Whichever is lower|
|Availing or rendering of any services directly or through appointment of agent|
|10%||–||Rs. 50 crore||Whichever is lower|
|Appointment to any office or place of profit in the company, its subsidiary companies or associate companies at a monthly remuneration|
|–||–||Remuneration upto Rs.20.5 Lakh p.m.||Whichever is lower|
|Remuneration for underwriting the subscription of any security or derivatives thereof of the company|
The approval of shareholders will not be required for transactions entered into between the holding company and its wholly owned subsidiaries.
- The turnover or net worth shall be on the basis of the Company’s audited financial statements for the preceding financial year.
RELATED PARTY TRANSACTION NOT APPROVED UNDER THIS POLICY
- Any transaction carried out without appropriate approval of the Audit Committee in accordance with this policy will be reviewed by it.
- The Audit Committee shall examine the facts and circumstances pertaining to failure to report and any failure of the systems. The Committee shall take such action as it deems appropriate, including ratification, revision or termination of such related party transaction.
- The Audit Committee may require further approval of the Board or Shareholders, if necessary.
Any changes in the Policy on account of regulatory requirements will be reviewed and recommended by the Audit Committee and the Board. The Audit Committee/Board will give suitable directions/guidelines to implement the same.
REGISTERS, DISCLOSURES AND REPORTING
All the Directors and KMP from time to time as prescribed under the act, shall be required to make appropriate disclosure to the company under the Act the particulars relating to his/her concern or interest in any company, or companies or bodies corporate, firms, or other associations of individuals.
The company shall keep and maintain a register, physically or electronically, as may be decided by the board of directors, giving separately the particulars of all contracts or arrangements to which the policy applies.
Appropriate disclosures as required under the Act and the Listing Regulations will be made in the Annual Return, Board’s Report and to the Stock Exchanges.
By order of the Board For Wherrelz IT Solutions Limited